The Morphosyntax of Embedded Clauses in Western Neo-Aramaic: Arabic Influence or Retention from Older Aramaic? Arabic influence or retention from older Aramaic?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The article asks whether the morphosyntax of embedded direct object clauses and purpo

se clauses in Western Neo-Aramaic reflects retention from older stages of Aramaic, or innovation under the influence of contact Arabic. To this end, direct object clauses and purpose clauses are analysed in Western Neo-Aramaic, in older stages of Aramaic, namely, Old, Official, Biblical and Qumran Aramaic, as well as Syriac, the three Western Late Aramaic dialects (cpa, jpa, sa), and in contemporaneous Syrian Arabic. The analysis considers the embedded verb form, the formal means of linking the embedded clause to the matrix clause, and the co-referentiality of the matrix and embedded subjects, and relates these features to tense-aspect-mood. The article compares the constructions in the various sources of Aramaic and Syrian Arabic and finds features that Western Neo-Aramaic has retained from Late Aramaic, which differ from Syrian Arabic, despite the well documented influence of the latter.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-278
Number of pages54
JournalAramaic Studies
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© ivri j. bunis, 2021

Keywords

  • Embedded clauses
  • Historical morphosyntax
  • Language contact
  • Syrian Arabic
  • Western Aramaic
  • Western Neo-Aramaic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

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