The mitochondrial ARTS protein promotes apoptosis through targeting XIAP

Yossi Gottfried, Asaf Rotem, Rona Lotan, Hermann Steller, Sarit Larisch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

ARTS is an unusual septin-like mitochondrial protein that was originally shown to mediate TGF-beta-induced apoptosis. Recently, we found that ARTS is also important for cell killing by other pro-apoptotic factors, such as arabinoside, etoposide, staurosporine and Fas. In Drosophila, the IAP antagonists Reaper, Hid and Grim are essential for the induction of virtually all apoptotic cell death. We found that mutations in peanut, which encodes a Drosophila homologue of ARTS, can dominantly suppress cell killing by Reaper, Hid and Grim, indicating that peanut acts downstream or in parallel to these. In mammalian cells, ARTS is released from mitochondria upon pro-apoptotic stimuli and then binds to XIAP. Binding of ARTS to XIAP is direct, as recombinant ARTS and XIAP proteins can bind to each other in vitro. ARTS binding to XIAP is specific and related to its pro-apoptotic function, as mutant forms of ARTS (or related septins) that fail to bind XIAP failed to induce apoptosis. ARTS leads to decreased XIAP protein levels and caspase activation. Our data suggest that ARTS induces apoptosis by antagonizing IAPs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1627-1635
Number of pages9
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume23
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Apr 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ARTS
  • Apoptosis
  • Mitochondria
  • XIAP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • General Neuroscience

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