The majority action on infinite graphs: Strings and puppets

Yuval Ginosar, Ron Holzman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We consider the following dynamic process on the 0-1 colourings of the vertices of a graph. The initial state is an arbitrary colouring, and the state at time t + 1 is determined by assigning to each vertex the colour of the majority of its neighbours at time t (in case of a tie, the vertex retains its own colour at time t). It is known that if the graph is finite then the process either reaches a fixed colouring or becomes periodic with period two. Here we show that an infinite (locally finite) graph displays the same behaviour locally, provided that the graph satisfies a certain condition which, roughly speaking, imposes an upper bound on the growth rate of the graph. Among the graphs obeying this condition are some that are most common in applications, such as the grid graph in two or more dimensions. We also extend the analysis to more general dynamic processes, and compare our results to the seminal work of Moran in this area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-71
Number of pages13
JournalDiscrete Mathematics
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - 28 Mar 2000

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
E-mail addresses: [email protected] (R. Holzman), [email protected] (Y. Ginosar) 1Research supported by the Israeli Ministry of Science through grant No. 9667. 2Research supported by the Promotion of Sponsored Research Fund and by the Fund for the Promotion of Research at the Technion.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics


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