Light pollution is increasing worldwide, affecting human health and ecosystem quality. The adverse effect of this novel pollution, mediated in mammals by suppression of the pineal neuro-hormone melatonin production and secretion, particularly by short wavelength (SWL) illumination. Currently, this problem is not challenged sufficiently, even ignored by decision-makers at local and national levels, as well as other related organizations. Therefore, we assume that the correct way to deal with it will be by treating the dark night as an ecosystem-service for temporal organization of humans as other organisms. Therefore, chasing darkness away and mainly by SWL illumination is as giving up the natural light/dark cycles offered as an ecosystem-service. So far, we have no environmental economic tools for assessing the real coast of the health damages or reduction in pollination caused by light pollution. Using Artificial Light at Night (ALAN) as a loss of ecosystem-services will enable us to give it a realistic economic value thus an opportunity to re-evaluate the environmental cost of SWL efficient illumination. This will also help decision-makers to move to the next stage of illumination preferring sustainable illumination.
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- short wavelength
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)