The Israeli law for the rehabilitation in the community of persons with psychiatric disabilities: Achievements and challenges

Uri Aviram, Max Lachman, Anat Ifergan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVE: The Community Rehabilitation of Persons with Mental Health Disability Law (2000a) is one of Israel's most important pieces of social legislation. It grants persons with psychiatric disabilities the right to receive rehabilitation in the community. This article is a case study of the development and implementation of a policy that led to the Rehabilitation Reform and that has become an important component in Israel's comprehensive mental health reform. The purpose of the study was to review and analyze the law and its elements, examine its implementation during its first two decades of operation, and to identify the issues it faces entering its third decade of application. METHOD: The study examined the key components of the reform such as intended beneficiaries, financing, workforce, and services provided. It used Israel's official statistical data and drew upon a series of interviews with officials and experts on rehabilitation, mental health and social services. RESULTS: In 2020, 30,000 persons were receiving community psychiatric rehabilitation services, constituting about one fifth of the estimated eligible population. In addition to the reform's achievements, this article also identifies a number of issues. Toward the end of the second decade, problems between the psychiatric Rehabilitation Unit and the mental health services became apparent. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: As the Rehabilitation Law enters its third decade, it is recommended to establish an independent committee of experts to examine needed modifications in light of the conclusions drawn about the first two decades of its implementation. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-195
Number of pages11
JournalPsychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)


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