The Iron Age lower settlement at Kabri revisited

Meir Edrey, Eric H. Cline, Roey Nickelsberg, Assaf Yasur-Landau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


During the 2017 excavation season at Tel Kabri, Iron Age remains were found cutting into the western part of the Middle Bronze Age palace. These remains consisted of a segment of a large structure and a series of sizable pits. Similar Iron Age remains were unearthed during previous soundings in Areas D and F of the excavation and were loosely dated to the Iron Age II. The ceramic assemblage from these soundings demonstrated a disproportionate number of imports and cooking pots, which prompted the excavators to suggest that the lower settlement was engaged in the processing of agricultural products connected to the nearby forts located elsewhere on the tell. A recent re-examination of the pottery from the previous excavations suggest that the forts could have only existed during the Iron Age IIA and IIC. Our examination of the pottery indicates that the imports can be dated to the Iron Age IIA, while the large number of cooking pots should mostly be dated to the Iron Age IIC. We would therefore like to suggest a new interpretation for the function of the lower settlement at Kabri during the Iron Age II in relation to the forts and the political reality in the Galilee at that time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-120
Number of pages27
JournalPalestine Exploration Quarterly
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2 Apr 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, © Palestine Exploration Fund 2020.


  • Iron Age II
  • Tel Kabri
  • caravanserai
  • fort
  • fort village
  • pits
  • refuse
  • rural

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • History
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts
  • Religious studies
  • Archaeology


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