During the 2017 excavation season at Tel Kabri, Iron Age remains were found cutting into the western part of the Middle Bronze Age palace. These remains consisted of a segment of a large structure and a series of sizable pits. Similar Iron Age remains were unearthed during previous soundings in Areas D and F of the excavation and were loosely dated to the Iron Age II. The ceramic assemblage from these soundings demonstrated a disproportionate number of imports and cooking pots, which prompted the excavators to suggest that the lower settlement was engaged in the processing of agricultural products connected to the nearby forts located elsewhere on the tell. A recent re-examination of the pottery from the previous excavations suggest that the forts could have only existed during the Iron Age IIA and IIC. Our examination of the pottery indicates that the imports can be dated to the Iron Age IIA, while the large number of cooking pots should mostly be dated to the Iron Age IIC. We would therefore like to suggest a new interpretation for the function of the lower settlement at Kabri during the Iron Age II in relation to the forts and the political reality in the Galilee at that time.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported in part by Israel Science Foundation (ISF) [grant number 910/15] (?Understanding Collapse: The Destruction of the Tel Kabri Palace?; co-PI's Assaf Yasur-Landau and Ruth Shahack-Gross); additional funding was provided by the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences at the George Washington University and by various private donors; we are grateful to all. This research was also supported by a post-doctoral fellowship granted to Meir Edrey and a PhD fellowship granted to Roey Nickelsberg by the Haifa Center for Mediterranean History (HCMH) at the University of Haifa. The authors would also like to thank Eran Arie, Nimrod Marom, and Ruth Shahack-Gross for their gracious assistance in the preparation of this paper.
© 2020, © Palestine Exploration Fund 2020.
- Iron Age II
- Tel Kabri
- fort village
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Visual Arts and Performing Arts
- Religious studies