The internal grabens of the Levant Rifts and their geodynamic significance

Yossi Mart, Dina Vachtman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Levant Rift system is a linear assemblage of rifts and their mountainous flanks that comprise three structural distinct sections. The southern Jordan Rift is built of series of secondary axial grabens that diminish in length northwards and are separated from each other by poorly rifted threshold zones. The central section of the rift system is the Lebanese Baqa'a embedded between mountainous flanks, and a splay of faults that scatter to the north-northeast; the northern section comprises the SW-trending Karasu-Hatay Rifts from which the Ghab graben branches southwards. It is suggested that the rifting of the Jordan Rift is the northern extension of the Red Sea continental break-up, while the Karasu-Tatay section correlates geodynamically with the migration of Anatolia westwards. The Baqa'a, its mountainous flanks and the fault splay mark the termination of the crustal break-up from the south, but rejuvenation of some faults indicate the effects of the Anatolian migration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-200
Number of pages10
JournalComptes Rendus - Geoscience
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Académie des sciences.


  • Anatolian westwards migration
  • Internal grabens
  • Oblique rifting
  • Red Sea continental break-up
  • Rifts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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