Background: Social support and sense of mastery are considered important resources in coping both with serious mental illness (SMI) and with motherhood-related challenges. However, their interactive effects on the parental stress of mothers with SMI are not clear. Methods: Scales assessing parental distress, social support, and sense of mastery were administered to 60 mothers with SMI and 60 mothers without SMI. Results: A main effect of sense of mastery and a lack of main effect of social support were found in both groups. An interaction effect of social support with mastery was found among mothers with SMI revealing that for mothers who had a high sense of mastery, social support was beneficial, whereas for mothers who had a low sense of mastery, social support was harmful. Conclusions: In practice, attention should be given to the sensitive provision of support, balancing between what is needed and what is requested, with the aim of not harming an individual's sense of mastery.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Inc.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health