The influence of the age of dementia onset on college students' stigmatic attributions towards a person with dementia

Perla Werner, Lilach Raviv-Turgeman, Patrick W. Corrigan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Research in the area of public stigma and Alzheimer's disease (AD) is limited to examining stigmatic beliefs towards persons aged 65 and over (i.e., persons with late-onset dementia). The aim of the present study was to compare college students' stigmatic attributions towards an older and a younger person with AD, using an attributional model of stigma. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 375 college students (mean age = 25.5, 58.9% female, 64.3% Jewish) who answered a computerized, self-administered, structured questionnaire after being presented with one of two randomly distributed vignettes varying in the age of the person with AD - 80 or 50 years of age. Cognitive, emotional and behavioral attributions of stigma were assessed using an adapted version of the Attribution Questionnaire. Other variables examined included background information, experiences and concerns about developing AD. T-tests and Ordinary Least Square (OLS) hierarchical regressions were used to analyze results. Results: Similar to previous studies, students' levels of dementia stigma were low to moderate. Negative attributions were consistently and significantly higher (β =.17 to.33, p <.01), and positive attributions were significantly lower (β = -.26, p <.01) when the target person was younger rather than older. Conclusion: The differences in stigmatic beliefs towards a younger and older person with AD point to the theoretical and practical importance of clearly stating the age of the target person in stigma studies as well as in programs aimed at reducing public stigma towards persons with AD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Attributional model
  • Dementia
  • Late-onset dementia
  • Public stigma
  • Young-onset dementia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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