The Influence of Edaphic Factors on DNA Damage and Repair in Wild Wheat Triticum dicoccoides Körn. (Poaceae, Triticeae)

Olga Raskina, Boris Shklyar, Eviatar Nevo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A complex DNA repair network maintains genome integrity and genetic stability. In this study, the influence of edaphic factors on DNA damage and repair in wild wheat Triticum dicoccoides was addressed. Plants inhabiting two abutting microsites with dry terra rossa and humid basalt soils were studied. The relative expression level of seven genes involved in DNA repair pathways-RAD51, BRCA1, LigIV, KU70, MLH1, MSH2, and MRE11-was assessed using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). Immunolocalization of RAD51, LigIV, γH2AX, RNA Polymerase II, and DNA-RNA hybrid [S9.6] (R-loops) in somatic interphase nuclei and metaphase chromosomes was carried out in parallel. The results showed a lower expression level of genes involved in DNA repair and a higher number of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in interphase nuclei in plants growing in terra rossa soil compared with plants in basalt soil. Further, the number of DSBs and R-loops in metaphase chromosomes was also greater in plants growing on terra rossa soil. Finally, RAD51 and LigIV foci on chromosomes indicate ongoing DSB repair during the M-phase via the Homologous Recombination and Non-Homologous End Joining pathways. Together, these results show the impact of edaphic factors on DNA damage and repair in the wheat genome adapted to contrasting environments.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume24
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Apr 2023

Keywords

  • DNA double-strand breaks
  • DNA repair
  • drought stress
  • gene expression
  • genome adaptation
  • R-loop
  • Triticum dicoccoides
  • wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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