The impact of Sharav weather conditions on airborne pollen in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv (Israel)

I. Helfman-Hertzog, H. Kutiel, E. Levetin, C. Galán, T. Hefer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Pollen grains have been a major focus of research mostly in temperate regions due to their effects on human health, especially allergies and asthma. The current study investigates a subtropical region characterized by a Mediterranean climate where Sharav conditions are experienced during the spring and autumn. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether Sharav conditions impacted airborne pollen concentrations of allergenic Amaranthaceae, Poaceae, Morus, Pinus, and Quercus more than standard Warm days during the main pollen seasons in the years 2010–2014 in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem (Israel). Slight variation was observed between the main pollen seasons in Tel Aviv compared to Jerusalem resulting from differences in temperature and relative humidity percentages. Additionally, more Sharav conditions occurred in Jerusalem than in Tel Aviv during the study period. The highest pollen concentrations occurred during Sharav days for Amaranthaceae, Poaceae, and Pinus but not for Morus and Quercus. Therefore, individuals who are allergic to Amaranthaceae, Poaceae, and Pinus pollen, and exposed to high pollen concentrations during Sharav days, might suffer more allergy symptoms than on Warm days.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-511
Number of pages15
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Springer Nature B.V.


  • Amaranthaceae
  • Morus
  • Pinus
  • Poaceae
  • Pollen concentration
  • Quercus
  • Sharav conditions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Plant Science


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