Purpose: To evaluate the knowledge and attitudes toward the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among mothers of 8th graders in Israel, and to determine the factors associated with maternal consent to the HPV vaccine. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study among mothers of 8th grade students in 27 schools in Haifa and Northern districts of Israel during the 2016–17 school year. Data were collected using a structured telephone questionnaire. Results: 313 mothers answered the questionnaire (response rate = 91.8%). The mean knowledge level score was low (3.96 points [out of 10] ±2.68). Knowledge level was positively associated with Jewish nationality, being secular in religious practice and higher education. The attitude mean score was low-moderate (11.22 points [out of 18] ± 5.01). Attitude score was positively associated with Arab nationality. No significant association was found between knowledge level and attitudes. According to multivariate analysis, mothers’ consent to the HPV vaccine was associated with the knowledge level score (OR = 0.82; 95%CI 0.68–0.98), the attitude score (OR = 1.76; 95%CI 1.53–2.02) and nationality (OR = 27.86, 95%CI 3.41–227.56). Conclusions: The knowledge level and attitudes toward the HPV vaccine were found to be unsatisfactory with racial disparities between Arabs and Jews. Jewish mothers compared with Arab mothers, mothers with a higher knowledge level or less positive attitudes were less likely to consent to the vaccine. These findings could contribute toward adapting programs to the different Israeli sectors in order to improve the rates of HPV vaccine receipt among adolescents.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. We would like to thank Mrs Safa Shehadeh for performing the statistical analysis of the study, the Health School Service nurses in the Haifa and northern districts for their collaboration, and Dr Marwa Matanis for her contribution to the data collection.
© 2019, © 2019 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
- Human papillomavirus vaccination
- parental consent
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy