The evolution of service economies: A geographical perspective

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Of the several classifications of services, each emphasizes different characteristics. The International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) is used for a comparative study on the transformation into service economies of the U.S., Canada, Great Britain, France, West Germany, Italy and Japan. Service economies are defined as national economies in which employment in services surpassed that in manufacturing. The pace of the evolution of service economies has been rapid with North America leading, followed in order by Great Britain, France, Italy, Japan and West Germany. Service economies have important implications for urban growth, intercity competition, and international trade.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-143
Number of pages11
JournalProfessional Geographer
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1985


  • Postindustrial society
  • Quaternary and quinary sectors
  • Services classification and specialization
  • Tertiary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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