The effects of industry risk level on safety training outcomes: A meta-analysis of intervention studies

Derek Hutchinson, Gil Luria, Shani Pindek, Paul Spector

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This meta-analysis quantitatively summarizes the effect of workplace safety training interventions on safety performance antecedents (safety motivation, knowledge, and climate) and safety performance (safety compliance and participation). One hundred unique samples from 90 published reports representing a wide variety of industries were included in this meta-analysis. While we found that safety training improved all the studied outcomes (d statistics ranging from 0.25 for safety participation to 0.87 for safety knowledge), the effect of industry risk-level was not consistent across the outcomes assessed. In high-risk industries (compared to low-risk industries), safety performance saw smaller gains (in line with Homeostasis Theory), but safety climate and motivation saw larger gains after safety training (contrary to the predictions of Homeostasis Theory) compared to low-risk industries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105594
JournalSafety Science
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health NIOSH, Sunshine Education and Research Center, grant number T42-OH008438.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • Accidents
  • Occupational safety
  • Risk
  • Safety climate
  • Safety motivation
  • Safety performance
  • Safety training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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