The present study investigated the effects of language experience on the perceptual learning induced by either brief exposure to or more intensive training with time-compressed speech. Native (n = 30) and nonnative (n = 30) listeners were each divided to three groups with different experiences with time-compressed speech: A trained group who trained on the semantic verification of time-compressed sentences for three sessions, an exposure group briefly exposed to 20 time-compressed sentences, and a group of naive listeners. Recognition was assessed with three sets of time-compressed sentences intended to evaluate exposure-induced and training-induced learning as well as across-token and across-talker generalization. Learning profiles differed between native and nonnative listeners. Exposure had a weaker effect in nonnative than in native listeners. Furthermore, native and nonnative trained listeners significantly outperformed their untrained counterparts when tested with sentences taken from the training set. However, only trained native listeners outperformed naive native listeners when tested with new sentences. These findings suggest that the perceptual learning of speech is sensitive to linguistic experience. That rapid learning is weaker in nonnative listeners is consistent with their difficulties in real-life conditions. Furthermore, nonnative listeners may require longer periods of practice to achieve native-like learning outcomes.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2016 Acoustical Society of America.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics