This essay discusses four types of international influence on the Arab–Israeli conflict and peace process. It addresses the current international situation of US hegemony vis-à-vis the Middle East and its beneficial effects on the regional peace process. Yet this hegemony may not endure over the long run, and may be replaced by three scenarios: US disengagement from the Middle East, which will lead to a great-power vacuum in the region; the competitive involvement of other major powers (notably Russia, China and the Europeans) in the region alongside the US; and the co-operative involvement of several status quo powers. The article examines the likelihood of these scenarios, as well as their potential implications for regional security and shows that the current international situation of US hegemony, especially following the Iraq War, is the most beneficial for progress in the Middle East peace process.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cultural Studies
- Political Science and International Relations