The effect on coping of monitoring, blunting, and the ability to achieve cognitive structure

Yoram Bar-tal, Ada Spitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The effects of monitoring and blunting on individuals' choices of coping strategies and their effectiveness were examined. In addition, the authors explored the effect of the ability to achieve cognitive structure (AACS), defined as either or both of the following: (a) the ability to avoid information that either cannot be categorized or clashes with the individual's existing knowledge; (b) the ability to organize knowledge to fit an already existing cognitive structure. The results showed that in addition to the main effects of monitoring on problem-focused coping and social support seeking behaviors and of blunting on the use of wishful thinking, AACS was found to moderate blunting's influence on problem-focused coping as well as the effectiveness of distancing and avoidance coping. Finally, the results showed that the combination of high monitoring and high blunting sometimes contributes to coping effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-412
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
  • Education
  • General Psychology


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