The Effect of Electrode Placement and Interphase Interval on Force Production During Stimulation of the Dorsiflexor Muscles

Shmuel Springer, Orit Braun-Benyamin, Chen Abraham-Shitreet, Meni Becher, Yocheved Laufer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The aims of this study were to investigate whether introducing an interphase interval (IPI) to biphasic pulses during stimulation of the dorsiflexor muscles would affect force production and to determine whether the IPI effect is dependent on electrode position. Twelve healthy volunteers participated in the study. Each subject participated in one session during which electrically induced contraction (EIC) forces of the ankle dorsiflexors were measured with five different IPI settings ranging from 0 to 400μs. Forces of EICs were assessed with the electrodes placed either with the proximal electrode positioned over the common peroneal nerve and the second electrode over the dorsiflexor muscles or with both electrodes located over the dorsiflexor muscles. The order of electrode placements and of the different IPI settings was randomized across subjects. The results indicated that the introduction of a 100-μs-long IPI may enhance force production when one electrode is located over the common peroneal nerve. However, increasing the duration of the IPI beyond 100μs did not result in further increase in force production. In contrast, the introduction of an IPI did not increase force production when both electrodes were located over the dorsiflexor muscles. These findings may help to optimize stimulation settings during functional electrical stimulation to prevent foot-drop.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E142-E146
JournalArtificial Organs
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 International Center for Artificial Organs and Transplantation and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


  • Dorsiflexors
  • Foot-drop
  • Functional electrical stimulation
  • Muscle force
  • Peroneal nerve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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