The docosatriene protectin D1 is produced by TH2 skewing promotes human T cell via lipid raft clustering

Amiram Ariel, Pin Lan Li, Wei Wang, Wang Xian Tang, Gabrielle Fredman, Song Hong, Katherine H. Gotlinger, Charles N. Serhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Docosahexaenoic acid, a major ω-3 fatty acid in human brain, synapses, retina, and other neural tissues, displays beneficial actions in neuronal development, cancer, and inflammatory diseases by mechanisms that remain to be elucidated. In this study we found, using lipid mediator informatics employing liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, that (10,17S)-docosatriene/neuroprotectin D1, now termed protectin D1 (PD1), is generated from docosahexaenoic acid by T helper type 2-skewed peripheral blood mononuclear cells in a lipoxygenase-dependent manner. PD1 blocked T cell migration in vivo, inhibited tumor necrosis factor α and interferon-γ secretion, and promoted apoptosis mediated by raft clustering. These results demonstrated novel anti-inflammatory roles for PD1 in regulating events associated with inflammation and resolution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43079-43086
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Issue number52
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Dec 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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