The destiny of kibbutz industry in Israel: From family businesses to cash mergers

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In 2000, the list of the Israeli Kibbutz Industry Association included 346 factories. In 2017, only 203 of those plants still appeared on the list, most of the others were sold. This paper propounds a theory that explains these facts from a kibbutz perspective. The paper rests on a meta-analysis of three case studies of kibbutz enterprises conducted between 2009 and 2015, and other sources of data. The main claim is that kibbutz factories previously operated as family businesses; but in recent decades, they have experienced a process of "de-familiarization", described in this paper, that often led to their sale. No literature relates to this dramatic recent development in kibbutz industry yet. In addition, this study sheds some light on change processes which may affect ownership in family business.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100179
JournalJournal of Co-operative Organization and Management
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd


  • Business management
  • Business ownership
  • Corporate governance
  • Family business
  • Kibbutz industry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management


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