The complex pathways toward the development of math anxiety and links with achievements

Lital Daches Cohen, Orly Rubinsten

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Math anxiety is characterized by heightened negative emotional experiences in daily and academic situations that involve numerical information. The current review paper outlines a theoretical framework demonstrating the complex interplay between environmental factors and intrinsic elements, in increasing the risk of developing math anxiety. Our framework suggests that, on one hand, low math achievements may intensify one’s vulnerability to the environmental and intrinsic causes of math anxiety and accelerate its development. On the other hand, math anxiety can lead to decreased math achievements, which in turn facilitate emotional problems. A comprehensive review of the broad spectrum of risk factors for the development and maintenance of math anxiety is necessary in order to inform and guide future research and intervention programs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHeterogeneous Contributions to Numerical Cognition
Subtitle of host publicationLearning and Education in Mathematical Cognition
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9780128174142
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Environmental factors
  • Math achievements
  • Math anxiety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine
  • General Neuroscience


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