Maternal sensitivity and disrupted communication are usually considered independently as antecedents of attachment security and attachment disorganization, respectively. This study examined whether considering them jointly allows specific predictions of attachment classifications. The sample (N = 159) was selected from a previous study conducted in Israel between 1991–1993, and over-represented disorganized and ambivalent attachment. Attachment was assessed at 12 months in the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP), sensitivity was assessed from free-play observations at 6 and 12 months, and disrupted communication was coded from the SSP. As hypothesized, high sensitivity and low disruption predicted secure attachment; low sensitivity and high disruption predicted disorganized-insecure attachment or ambivalent attachment; and high sensitivity and high disruption predicted disorganized-secure attachment. Low sensitivity and low disrupted communication did not predict avoidant attachment. The results show that combining maternal sensitivity and disrupted communication improves the precision in identifying maternal antecedents of attachment.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The data used in this research were collected as part of an earlier study funded by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (grant # 1RO HD 25975).
The work was supported by the Harry and Sadie Lasky Foundation [40122, 40123]. An earlier version of this manuscript was included in a doctoral dissertation submitted by Inbar Ariav-Paraira to the University of Haifa. The authors would like to thank Drs. Nina Koren-Karie and Ora Aviezer for their contributions to the study as members of the dissertation committee. We also thank Dr. Elisa Bronfman for her support and help with the AMBIANCE, Gabriela Levy and Noa Gal for their devoted research assistantship, and all the participating families. This work was supported by a Harry and Sadie Lasky Foundation Fellowship granted to Inbar Ariav-Paraira. The data used in this research were collected as part of an earlier study funded by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (grant # 1RO HD 25975).
This work was supported by a Harry and Sadie Lasky Foundation Fellowship granted to Inbar Ariav-Paraira.
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- disorganized attachment
- disrupted affective communication
- maternal sensitivity
- mother-infant interaction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health