The choice and agreement problems of a random function

Or Meir, Avishay Tal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The direct-sum question is a classical question that asks whether performing a task on m independent inputs is m times harder than performing it on a single input. In order to study this question, Beimel et al. [3] introduced the following related problems: • The choice problem: Given m distinct instances, choose one of them and solve it.• The agreement problem: Given m distinct instances, output a solution that is correct for at least one of them.It is easy to see that these problems are no harder than performing the original task on a single instance, and it is natural to ask whether it is strictly easier or not. In particular, proving that the choice problem is not easier is necessary for proving a direct-sum theorem, and is also related to the KRW composition conjecture [12]. In this note, we observe that in a variety of computational models, if f is a random function then with high probability its corresponding choice and agreement problem are not much easier than computing f on a single instance (as long as m is noticeably smaller than 2n).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-20
Number of pages5
JournalInformation Processing Letters
StatePublished - May 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.


  • Agree
  • Choose
  • Computational complexity
  • Direct sum
  • KRW composition conjecture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Signal Processing
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications


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