The Child–Mother–Father–Teacher Relationship Network in Kindergarten and Its Association with Children’s Social and Academic Development: An Ecological Perspective

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Abstract

This study examines how a set of the child’s proximal relationships (mother–child, father–child, and teacher–child) and parent–teacher relationships relate to the child’s prosocial and learning behaviors in kindergarten. The sample included 95 mother–father–child triads (child mean age 5.9 years) and 42 kindergarten teachers. All adults reported on their relationship with the child and on their perceptions of parent–teacher relationships. Teachers reported on the child’s behaviors. Main findings: (1) All proximal relationships and the teachers’ relationships with mothers and fathers were related to children’s outcomes; and (2) different patterns of associations were found between father–child and mother–child relationships, and teacher–child relationship, parent–teacher relationships, and children’s outcomes. These findings hint to the different roles of fathers and mothers in their children’s development and to distinguished patterns of relationships of mothers and fathers with kindergarten teachers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1102
JournalChildren
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • ecological perspective
  • kindergarten
  • parent–teacher relationships
  • socioemotional development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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