Most of the research into dyslexia has been carried out among children and has raised the question whether the characteristics of young dyslexics are similar to those of adult dyslexics. The aim of this research was, therefore, to confirm whether the cognitive deficits, which appear among young dyslexics on reading and reading related tasks, are similar among adult dyslexics. Four groups of subjects were tested in this study: two groups of fourth graders, dyslexic and normal readers, and two groups of students, compensated dyslexics and normal readers. A comparison of the differences in research measures between the young dyslexics and their control group, and between the adult dyslexics and their control group, clearly indicates that the difference between regular readers and dyslexics is significantly smaller in the adult group on orthographic tasks, and this difference increases in adults on phonological tasks. The findings of this study reinforce the assumption that dyslexics have particular difficulty with the phonological-auditory channel. Another main finding is the slow speed of processing in verbal and non-verbal tasks. It can be assumed that these problems start at a young age and persist in compensated adult dyslexics.
- Age differences
- Cognitive tasks
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Developmental and Educational Psychology