The challenges facing the First Aliyah Sephardic Ottoman colonists

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The case of the tiny Jewish colony of Har-Tuv, which was founded by Ottoman Jews who immigrated to Palestine in 1895 from Bulgaria, sheds light on Ottoman policies vis-à-vis settlement activity by Sephardic Jews in Palestine at a time when there were concerted efforts to limit the Jewish national activity there. The latter was mainly carried out by non-Ottoman Ashkenazi Jews who immigrated to Palestine from eastern Europe. As the only colony established during the First Aliyah by Sephardic Jews, and also due to its geographical isolation, Har-Tuv was detached from the processes taking place within the other Jewish colonies and the New Yishuv. At the same time, Har-Tuvs founders had a long tradition of living under Ottoman rule and were on good terms with the local Ottoman authorities in Palestine. This was often useful when the colony had problems with its Arab neighbors, and on several occasions Har-Tuv even served as an intermediary between the Arab rural population and the government.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-15
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Israeli History
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Taylor and Francis.


  • Bulgarian Jews
  • First Aliyah
  • Har-Tuv
  • Jewish-Arab relations
  • Ottoman Jews

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • History
  • Political Science and International Relations


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