The association between volition and participation in adults with acquired disabilities: A scoping review

Hagit Harel-Katz, Eli Carmeli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Background/objective: Physical, cognitive and psychological factors such as self-efficacy and motivation affect participation in populations with acquired disabilities. Volition is defined as a person's motivation for participating in occupation. The concept of ‘volition’ expands similar concepts and theories, which focus mostly on cognitive processes that influence motivation. Although volition seems to affect participation, the association between these two concepts has not been examined in populations with acquired disabilities. This scoping review explored this association. Methods: The literature review used a structured five-stage framework, according to predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Seven electronic databases (CINAHL, PsycINFO, PubMed, Web of Science, SCOPUS, The Cochrane Library-Wiley, OTseeker) and Google Scholar were searched for relevant articles, published in English from January 2001 to May 2018. Results: A total of 18 articles, relating to populations with various diagnoses were included. Two directly examined volition and participation and showed a positive association between them. Other articles discussed the effect of participants’ chronic condition on their volition and participation, the effect of volition on participation, or the effect on participation of an intervention addressing volition. Conclusions: An acquired disability affects both volition and participation, and volition seems to affect participation among people with acquired disabilities. Few articles showed positive effects of interventions that addressed clients' volition, on participation. Further research should include additional health conditions and types of literature, to better understand the association between these concepts. This understanding will contribute to the development of occupational therapy interventions that emphasise volition, in order to improve participation outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-96
Number of pages13
JournalHong Kong Journal of Occupational Therapy
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2019.


  • Model of Human Occupation
  • Volition
  • acquired disability
  • participation
  • scoping review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Occupational Therapy


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