The adverbial function of qur'ānic verbal nouns taking the position of hāl

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Of Arabic verbal nouns' various functions, this article focuses on their taking the position of hāl 'circumstantial accusative'. Arab grammarians claim that a plain infinitive may replace a participle in the accusative, assuming the same meaning as the participle. I argue, however, that from the point of view of modern linguistics, these verbal nouns might be interpreted as having an adverbial function; more precisely, they perform the semantic-aspectual features of two types of adverbs: manner adverbs, which specify the mode of action, and state-of-mind adverbs, which describe a state of mind experienced by the agent of the action.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-542
Number of pages22
JournalPoznan Studies in Contemporary Linguistics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Faculty of English, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland.


  • Verbal noun
  • circumstantial accusative
  • manner adverbs
  • state-of-mind adverbs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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