Templars as proto-Zionists? The "German colony" in late Ottoman Haifa

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Zionist historiography depicts mid-nineteenth-century German colonists in Palestine as forerunners of the Zionist movement, much as the early Zionists themselves had adopted them as "a model to be emulated." Using the recently discovered Haifa sijill and other local sources, the author reveals how the Templars appeared in the eyes of the Palestinians in whose country they came to settle. The rather different flip side of the Zionist portrayal that emerges suggests that the model can be reversed and extended into the present.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-54
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Palestine Studies
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Sociology and Political Science


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