The main purpose of the present study is to test whether or not cognitive development and cognitive style are different dimensions. The study was conducted within the context of Pascual-Leone's model of cognitive development, in which an important aspect of cognitive development is delineated by mental capacity, and an important dimension of cognitive style is field-dependence/independence. The data show that these are distinctly different dimensions in spite of their commonly found correlation because (a) under training conditions that were suited to the subject's cognitive style, field-dependent 8-year-old children were able to perform developmentally appropriate "control-of-variables" tasks at the same level as their field-independent age peers, and (b) both groups outperformed 6-year-old field-independent children. The results are discussed with regard to the theoretical model, their relevance to the stylistic dimension of reflection/impulsivity, and their educational implications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Life-span and Life-course Studies