Teaching jewish mentally-retarded youngsters holiday awareness through symbols

Varda Carmeli, Eli Carmeli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of the study was to test the use of various religious symbols to teach Jewish mentally-retarded youngsters enhanced familiarity with certain Jewish holidays. The participants included 8 students aged from 12-23 years old with various degrees of moderate to severe mental handicap. The study group met eight hours weekly (2 hours biweekly) for a total of 12 weeks. Four categories of questions involving nine different symbols were used. Baseline values were determined in pre- and post-testing. Results demonstrated that all students completing the study showed improvements in symbol recognition. We conclude that use of symbols can provide useful tools to improve communication with mentally retarded individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-139
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Religion, Disability and Health
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Autistic children
  • Jewish children
  • Mental retardation
  • Religious holidays
  • Symbols
  • Teaching methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Religious studies
  • Law


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