In the paper, one establishes the decomposition of the space of tensors which have the symmetries of the curvature of a torsionless symplectic connection into Sp (n)-irreducible components. This leads to three interesting classes of symplectic connections: flat, Ricci flat, and similar to the Levi-Civita connections of Kähler manifolds with constant holomorphic sectional curvature (we call them connections with reducible curvature). A symplectic manifold with two transversal polarizations has a canonical symplectic connection, and we study properties that are encountered if this canonical connection belongs to the classes mentioned above. For instance, in the reducible case we can compute the Pontrjagin classes, and these will be zero if the polarizations are real, etc. If the polarizations are real and there exist points where they are either singular or nontransversal, one has residues in the sense of Lehmann [L], which should be expected to play an interesting role in symplectic geometry.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mathematics (all)