Supportive- expressive (SE) psychodynamic treatment has been receiving much empirical support. It is based on conceptualizing and working through the patients' Core Conflictual Relationship Theme, which includes their main wish (W) in the context of an interpersonal relationship, an actual or anticipated subjective response from the other (RO) in relation to the W, and the subsequent emotional and behavioral response from the self (RS) to the RO. Studies suggest that the RO and RS components show the greatest change as a result of effective SE treatment. Clinical experience, however, suggests that in the last phase of treatment, when termination is anticipated, at least some patients regress to their original RS. This process is part of a separation conflict, which includes unconsciously renouncing their RS gains. In the present article we make recommendations regarding the timing and manner of initiating the termination discussion (the "clock-like reminder" and the "symbolic listening to termination cues"), integrating both supportive and expressive techniques. The article contains practice-based guidelines on how to work through the potential RS regression. We pay specific attention to what to do and not to do in the very last session and use examples from the pilot phase of a randomized controlled trial to demonstrate each recommended technique. Lastly, we suggest paths for future research to examine the proposed framework for working through termination.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Aviv Nof, Liat Leibovich, and Sigal Zilcha-Mano, Department of Psychology, University of Haifa. The writing of this paper was supported by the Israel Science Foundation (ISF). Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Sigal Zilcha-Mano, Department of Psychology, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel. E-mail: email@example.com
© 2017 American Psychological Association.
- Regression in RS
- Separation individuation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health