Objectives: Little research has addressed the association between posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in the second half of life. This study examined whether subjective age and perceived distance-to-death moderate this association. Method: 339 community-dwelling older adults (age range 50–90; M = 65.44, SD = 9.77) were sampled through random dialing to Jewish residents in the south of Israel. Participants completed a phone-questionnaire on PTS symptoms, level of PTG, subjective age, and perceived distance-to-death. Results: Higher levels of PTS symptoms were both linearly and curvilinearly related to higher PTG. Additionally, subjective age and perceived distance-to-death moderated this association in a linear way, so that the association was strongest in participants who reported younger subjective age and further distance-to-death. Discussion: The findings emphasize the moderating effect of two time perspectives, one that focuses on time since birth and another that concerns the time that remains before death. These two perspectives affect the association between posttraumatic stress and posttraumatic growth within older individuals.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Aging and Mental Health|
|State||Published - 1 Sep 2016|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2015 Taylor & Francis.
- perceived distance-to-death
- posttraumatic growth
- posttraumatic stress symptoms
- subjective age
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatric Mental Health
- Geriatrics and Gerontology
- Psychiatry and Mental health