The main goal of the current study was to empirically study one of the central constructs in Kohut's self-psychology—self-fragmentation. For this purpose, we constructed a new self-report scale (the Fragmented Self Inventory [FSI]) tapping fragmentations along each of the two major axes of the self—grandiosity and idealization. Across six independent samples, findings provided solid evidence on the reliability and two-factor structure of the scale. In addition, FSI scores were associated with existing scales tapping disorders of the self, self-confusion, frustration of self-object needs, pathological forms of narcissism, interpersonal difficulties, dissociative states, and impoverished mental health. Moreover, the findings of Studies 4–6 provided initial support for the incremental validity of the new scale. FSI scores made a unique contribution to pathological narcissism, mental dissociation, and mental health problems beyond the significant contribution made by existing scales. Findings were discussed from the perspective of Kohut self-psychology. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) 此研究的主要目的是对科胡特的自体心理学的重要概念之一自体碎片进行实证研究. 为此,我们构建了一个新的自我报告量表(碎片化自体量表,FSI),沿着夸大自体和理想化自体这两个主要的轴线来研究碎片. 通过六个独立样本,研究结果为量表的信度和两因素结构提供了可靠的证据. 此外,FSI评分与现有的研究自体障碍, 自体紊乱, 自体客体需求的挫败, 病理性的自恋形式, 人际困难, 解离状态和心理健康贫瘠的量表也有关联. 此外,4–6研究的结果对新量表的增加的效度提供了初步支持. FSI分数对病理性自恋, 精神解离, 和精神健康问题作出了独特的贡献,超越了现有的量表所作出的重要贡献. 本文从科胡特自体心理学的视角对研究结果进行了探讨.
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© 2020 American Psychological Association
- mental health
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Psychology