Streaming Euclidean MST to a Constant Factor

Xi Chen, Vincent Cohen-Addad, Rajesh Jayaram, Amit Levi, Erik Waingarten

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


We study streaming algorithms for the fundamental geometric problem of computing the cost of the Euclidean Minimum Spanning Tree (MST) on an n-point set X g d. In the streaming model, the points in X can be added and removed arbitrarily, and the goal is to maintain an approximation in small space. In low dimensions, (1+") approximations are possible in sublinear space [Frahling, Indyk, Sohler, SoCG '05]. However, for high dimensional spaces the best known approximation for this problem was Õ(logn), due to [Chen, Jayaram, Levi, Waingarten, STOC '22], improving on the prior O(log2 n) bound due to [Indyk, STOC '04] and [Andoni, Indyk, Krauthgamer, SODA '08]. In this paper, we break the logarithmic barrier, and give the first constant factor sublinear space approximation to Euclidean MST. For any "≥ 1, our algorithm achieves an Õ("-2) approximation in nO(") space. We complement this by proving that any single pass algorithm which obtains a better than 1.10-approximation must use ω(n) space, demonstrating that (1+") approximations are not possible in high-dimensions, and that our algorithm is tight up to a constant. Nevertheless, we demonstrate that (1+") approximations are possible in sublinear space with O(1/") passes over the stream. More generally, for any α ≥ 2, we give a α-pass streaming algorithm which achieves a (1+O(logα + 1/ α ")) approximation in nO(") dO(1) space. All our streaming algorithms are linear sketches, and therefore extend to the massively-parallel computation model (MPC). Thus, our results imply the first (1+")-approximation to Euclidean MST in a constant number of rounds in the MPC model. Previously, such a result was only known for low-dimensional space [Andoni, Nikolov, Onak, Yaroslavtsev, STOC '15], or required either O(logn) rounds or a O(logn) approximation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSTOC 2023 - Proceedings of the 55th Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing
EditorsBarna Saha, Rocco A. Servedio
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781450399135
StatePublished - 2 Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes
Event55th Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing, STOC 2023 - Orlando, United States
Duration: 20 Jun 202323 Jun 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing
ISSN (Print)0737-8017


Conference55th Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing, STOC 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 ACM.


  • Theory of computation → Streaming
  • sublinear and near linear time algorithms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software


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