Soil micromycetes of one microsite at Tabigha, north of the Sea of Galilee in Israel, were collected and characterized according to soil types. The microsite has two distinct rock and soil types, limestone weathering into terra rossa soil and basalt flows weathering into basalt soil. Plant formations vary according to the soil types, and the current study investigated the association of the two soil types with the populations of microfungi inhabiting the soil. We found 47 species belonging to 23 genera, 3 classes, and 2 subdivisions. Fungal-specific associations with the two soil types were also recorded, particularly with representative species of the genus Fusarium. The low Jaccard (0.195) and Dice (0.321) similarity indices indicate substantial microsite soil divergence in the population makeup and quantity of soil micromycetes.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank the Israel Ministry of Science for grants Nos. 4147 and 1426, and the Ministry of Absorption for financial support of this research. We also thank the Israel Discount Bank Chair of Evolutionary Biology, and the Ancell-Teicher Research Foundation for Genetics and Molecular Evolution, for continuous financial support for the research programs at the Institute of Evolution including this research. SPW thanks the Baron de Hirsch Fund (New York) for support for this study.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Plant Science