Spatial distributions of biogeochemical parameters in surface sediments

I. Ostrovsky, D. Wynne, T. Bergstein-Ben Dan, A. Nishri, H. Li, Y. Z. Yacobi, N. Koren, R. Parparova

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The spatial variability of severed sedimentological, chemical and biological parameters in the uppermost layer of bed sediment (ULBS) in Lake Kinneret, was studied during the development of anoxic conditions in the hypolimnion (May, 1995). ULBS samples were taken along a transect from the littoral to the pelagic zones, during the crash of the Peridinium gatunense bloom, about 2 months after the onset of stratification and when oxygen in the hypolimnion was almost completely depleted. The 2-3mm of the ULBS, collected by SCUBA diver, contained relatively fresh material (as shown by high Chl c content) but differed from that of intact Peridinium cells. In the ULBS, the C:N atomic ratio averaged 8 and was similar all over the lake bottom and the average Chlorophyll a:c ratio was 4 (reaching a value of ~7 at 5m). These ratios in Peridinium cells were about 14.3 and 2, respectively. In addition, δ 13C in the organic matter from the ULBS was lighter than that of Peridinium. This data suggests that substantial degredation of the organic matter already occurs in the water column. Grain size distribution suggests the occurance of intense focusing processes in Lake Kinneret. Chemical and biological parameters in the ULBS exhibited clear depth dependant patterns, suggesting changes in physical and chemical processes occur. Three different zones can be distinguished in Lake Kinneret bottom sediments. a. The littoral oxic photic zone (down to 5-7m), which is influenced by intensive biodegradation and high turbulence. b. Transition zone (7-20m), with an oxic-photic gradient and developed focussing processes. c. Profundal, anoxic zone (>20m), where all fine, settled, organic rich material concentrates and undergoes anaerobic decomposition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-505
Number of pages9
JournalWater, Air, and Soil Pollution
Issue number1-4
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1996 7th International Symposium on the Interactions Between Sediments and Water - Baveno, Italy
Duration: 22 Sep 199625 Sep 1996


  • Bacterial activity
  • C, N and P
  • Chl a and c
  • Lake Kinneret
  • Spatial distribution
  • Surface sediments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecological Modeling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Pollution


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