Socioeconomic status correlates with measures of Language Environment Analysis (LENA) system: A meta-analysis

Leonardo Piot, Naomi Havron, Alejandrina Cristia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Using a meta-analytic approach, we evaluate the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and children's experiences measured with the Language Environment Analysis (LENA) system. Our final analysis included 22 independent samples, representing data from 1583 children. A model controlling for LENATM measures, age and publication type revealed an effect size of rz=.186, indicating a small effect of SES on children's language experiences. The type of LENA metric measured emerged as a significant moderator, indicating stronger effects for adult word counts than child vocalization counts. These results provide important evidence for the strength of association between SES and children's everyday language experiences as measured with an unobtrusive recording analyzed automatically in a standardized fashion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1037-1051
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Child Language
Issue number5
StatePublished - 25 Sep 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press.


  • LENA
  • SES
  • experiences
  • input
  • language environment
  • meta-analysis
  • production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • General Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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