Socio-Spatial Integration of Older Adults in Four Types of Residential Environments in Israel

Adi Vitman Schorr, Esther Iecovich, Nurit Alfasi, Shmuel Shamai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The socio-spatial integration of older people in different types of residential environments is a key factor affecting the well-being of older people. This study, which included a convenience sample of 565 participants, examined the socio-spatial integration of older people living in two different regional areas (central and peripheral) and four different residential environments (metropolitan hub, city, and town and rural settlements) in Israel. Willing participants were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire. Socio-spatial integration was assessed by recognition of their neighbors and sense of belonging to the residential environment. The findings show that older adults who resided in the town and in rural settlements were more socio-spatially integrated in their living environments compared with their counterparts who resided in cities. The best predictors of socio-spatial integration were a combination of personal characteristics and characteristics of the environment (perceived accessibility) except for rural settlements, where none of the variables predicted socio-spatial integration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1243-1271
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Applied Gerontology
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Author(s).


  • older adults
  • socio-spatial integration
  • types of residential environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology


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