Socialized occupational medicine in Israel: past, present, and future

Lilah Rinsky-Halivni, Chaim Cohen, Shlomo Moshe, Eric Amster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Occupational health in Israel is unique as it was originally established as a socialized service which anchored in extensive legislation and is accessible to all employees and employers without copayment. We review historical processes and legal basis that led to current structure of public occupational medicine services in Israel. Some of these go back a century and others extend way back to biblical times. Representative case studies from the field are used to illustrate its scope of practice. Legislative changes that exempted the employers from participation in financing occupational health have led to severe budget cuts, jeopardizing the future provision and key principles of occupational healthcare. We discuss future aspects of recommended development vectors for policy making that will preserve the structure of occupational health services and benefits it offers to all workers in Israel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-55
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Environmental and Occupational Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, © 2019 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


  • Case Studies
  • Fitness for Duty
  • History
  • Israel
  • Occupational Health
  • Occupational Medicine Residency
  • Return to Work
  • Socialized Medicine
  • Work Capacity
  • Workers with Disability
  • Worker’s Health Legislation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • General Environmental Science
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Toxicology


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