Social Inclusion Enterprises: The Story of Kibbutz Harduf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Kibbutz Harduf community in Israel is exceptional even among traditional collectives. The community’s ideology is a combination of collective, collaborative values and anthroposophical beliefs. Its mission is to provide healing and inclusion within the kibbutz through social enterprises. This study, employing the mixed methods research approach, is the first conducted of the Kibbutz Harduf community. The goal of the study was to examine the impact of inclusion initiatives on the community. The study findings indicate that the combination of the community’s guiding principles and their practical and daily application contributed to the creation of a new image and branding of Harduf as a community with a unique destiny.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Social Entrepreneurship
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Intentional community
  • Kibbutz Harduf
  • anthroposophy
  • inclusion
  • social enterprises

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Development
  • Economics and Econometrics


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