Achievements do not take place in a vacuum, but rather occur within a social setting. Hence, achievements lead to variety of social-related emotions and personality inferences. Attributional principles are used here to provide a framework for the study of these neglected topics. The framework explains the relation between attributions (e.g., ability, effort, help) for achievement outcomes (success or failure), and emotions and personality inferences as a function of who makes the attribution (achiever vs. an external observer). The talk Includes an examination of admiration, arrogance, gratitude, envy, flattery, guilt, hopelessness, modesty, pride, schadenfreude, shame, and sympathy.