Social and temporal comparisons as moderators of psychological resources associations with wellbeing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The current study investigated the associations of psychological resources, social comparisons, and temporal comparisons with general wellbeing. The sample included 142 community participants (47.9% men; age range 23-83 years), who compared themselves with others, and with their younger selves, on eight dimensions (e.g., physical health, resilience). They also completed questionnaires assessing psychological resources of mastery and self-esteem, and three components of subjective wellbeing: life satisfaction and negative and positive affect. The main results showed that high levels of psychological resources contributed to wellbeing, with self-enhancing social and temporal comparisons moderating the effects of resources on certain wellbeing components. Specifically, under low levels of mastery or self-esteem selfenhancing social or temporal comparisons were related to either higher life satisfaction or positive affect. The results highlight the role of resources and comparisons in promoting people's wellbeing, and suggest that self-enhancing comparisons function as cognitive coping mechanisms when psychological resources are low.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-104
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Individual Differences
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Hogrefe Publishing.


  • Mastery
  • Self-esteem
  • Social comparisons
  • Temporal comparisons
  • Wellbeing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology
  • Biological Psychiatry


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