Shifts in the organization and profession of academic science: The impact of IPR and technology transfer

Amalya L. Oliver, Adi Sapir

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This article focuses on the changing organization and profession of academic science. Over the past 35 years, the commercialization of academic research has become an increasingly prominent aspect of university activity. The participation of universities in technology transfer (TT) endeavors, mainly through patenting and licensing of research results, serves as an important trigger for a re-evaluation of the nature of the profession of academic scientists. In this review paper, we highlight the major changes in the organization and profession of academic science including shifts in academic logics, in the governance of academic science and in the norms of the academic profession. We summarize the literature review by highlighting the individual-level effects on academic professionals and suggest important directions for further research.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberjow012
Pages (from-to)36-54
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Professions and Organization
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.


  • Bayh-Dole act
  • academic entrepreneurship
  • intellectual property rights
  • professional norms
  • research commercialization
  • technology transfer
  • university governance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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