The goal of this study was to examine thesensory profile (expressed as hypersensitivity or hyposensitivity) of patients with major affective disorders and its relative contribution to the prediction of sleep quality whileconsidering affective temperaments and depression, which may impact sleep quality. We recruited 176 participants (mean age, 47.3 y), of whom 56.8% had a diagnosis of unipolar major depressive disorder and 43.2% a diagnosis of bipolar disorder. Reduced sleep quality was evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Affective temperaments were assessed using the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego. Sensory hypersensitivity, assessed using the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile, significantly distinguished between poor and good sleepers. Sleep quality was mainly predicted by the Beck Depression Inventory-II total score and anxious temperament. Sensory hypersensitivity contributed to this prediction mainly with regard to sleep efficiency and related daytime dysfunction. 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
- major affective disorders
- sensory hypersensitivity
- sensory processing disorders
- sleep quality
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health