Self-regulation strategies in achievement settings culture and gender differences

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The study investigates culture and gender differences in a specific self-regulation task: choosing a level of difficulty that will maximize achievement. Two hundred psychology students from Singapore and Israel accomplished a computerized anagram-solving task that allowed participants to choose a level of difficulty (25 trials, six difficulty levels). In this task, the number of points given for correct solutions was increased as the difficulty level was raised. Results showed cultural differences in attained scores: Israelis earned more points than Singaporeans. Moreover, women preferred significantly easier tasks, though this preference did not result in a different number of points. Immediate reaction to feedback (success vs. failure) showed a culture by gender interaction. It was suggested that Singaporean women prefer tasks that are too easy, whereas Israeli men prefer tasks that are too difficult. Both these preferences are detrimental to self-regulation efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-503
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology


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