Self-Feeding Kinematics in an Ecological Setting: Typically Developing Children and Children with Cerebral Palsy

Tal Krasovsky, Tal Keren-Capelovitch, Jason Friedman, Patrice L. Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Assessment of self-feeding kinematics is seldom performed in an ecological setting. In preparation for development of an instrumented spoon for measurement of self-feeding in children with cerebral palsy (CP), the current work aimed to evaluate upper extremity kinematics of self-feeding in young children with typical development (TD) and a small, age-matched group of children with CP in a familiar setting, while eating with a spoon. Methods: Sixty-five TD participants and six children diagnosed with spastic CP, aged 3-9 years, fed themselves while feeding was measured using miniature three-dimensional motion capture sensors (trakStar). Kinematic variables associated with different phases of self-feeding cycle (movement time, curvature, time to peak velocity and smoothness) were compared across age-groups in the TD sample and between TD children and those with CP. Results: Significant between-age group differences were identified in movement times, time to peak velocity and curvature. Children with CP demonstrated slower, less smooth self-feeding movements, potentially related to activity limitations. Conclusions: The identified kinematic variables form a basis for implementation of self-feeding performance assessment in children of different ages, including those with CP, which can be deployed via an instrumented spoon.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9490250
Pages (from-to)1462-1469
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2001-2011 IEEE.


  • Self-feeding
  • cerebral palsy
  • kinematics
  • typical development
  • upper extremity
  • Motion
  • Movement
  • Humans
  • Child, Preschool
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Upper Extremity
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Child

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • General Neuroscience
  • Internal Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering


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