Self-concept of Jewish and Arab adolescents in Israel

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A 38-item Adolescent Self-Concept Scale was administered in 5 Jewish and 5 Arab schools. Scores were intercorrelated and factor analyzed separately for the Jewish (n = 740) and the Arab (n = 750) samples. Factor patterns were similar in item composition but differed in the percentage of variance accounted for by the factors. Specifically, Self-Praise, Life Satisfaction, and Work Outlook made up the leading cluster of factors in the Jewish sample; Self-Criticism, Religion, and Peer Relations were the analogous factors in the Arab sample. Also, Jewish item means indicated a somewhat more positive self-concept than those obtained for Arabs. Differences between factor patterns and item means are explained in terms of the marginal status of Arabs in Israeli society, whereas similarities point to the generality of adolescent experience. (21 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)786-792
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1982


  • factor structure, self concept, Jewish vs Arab adolescents, Israel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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