Chronic infusion of mice with a β2 adrenergic receptor (β2AR) analog was shown to cause long-term DNA damage in a pathway which involves β Arresin-1-mediated activation of Mdm2 and subsequent degradation of the tumor suppressor protein p53. The objective of the present study was to test whether a single acute stress, which manifests long lasting changes in behavior, affects the interaction of Mdm2 with p53, β2AR, and β Arrestin-1 in the dorsal and ventral hippocampal CA1. Adult rats were subject to underwater trauma, a brief forceful submersion under water and tested a month later for behavioral and biochemical changes. Elevated plus maze tests confirmed that animals that experienced the threat of drowning present heightened levels of anxiety one month after trauma. An examination of the CA1 hippocampal areas of the same rats showed that underwater trauma caused a significant increase in the association of Mdm2 with β2AR, β Arrestin-1, and p53 in the ventral but not dorsal CA1. Our results provide support for the idea that stress-related events may result in biochemical changes restricted to the ventral 'emotion-related' parts of the hippocampus.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Research support: The Israel Science Foundation grant (no. 1403/07 ) to G.R.-L., by a U.S. Army Medical Research Acquisition Activity (USAMRAA) grant (no. W81XWH-11-20111 ), and by the Institute for the Study of Affective Neuroscience, University of Haifa, which was endowed by the Hope for Depression Research Foundation .
- β Arrestin-1, Mdm2
- β2 Adrenergic receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Behavioral Neuroscience